The Rule of 72 – Know this rule and you’ll be the master of your investments.

Finance tends to be dominated by commentators who love to talk about ‘numbers’. We hear about past performance and expected returns expressed in percentages that often mean little to the individual investor.

The spruikers of the investment world love to talk how some investments have doubled over the past ’10’ years and how they may double again over the next 10 years. It can be very confusing unless you know ‘The Rule of 72’

By understanding the Rule of 72 you can make fast calculations to understand what it all means to you and your investments.

The Rule of 72 in action

By understanding the Rule of 72 you can quickly determine:

  • The rate of return required for an investment to double in value over a pre-defined number of years
  • If you know the given rate of return on your investment, you can quickly determine how long it will take for your investment to double in value.

Lets have a look at some examples.

1 – What rate of return do I require for my investment to double in 10 years?

Divide 72 by the number of years. For this example it is 72/10 = 7.2. You will need a return of 7.2% each year.

2 – I Want my investment to double in 6 years – What rate of return do I need?

Divide 72 by 6 = 12.  You will need 12% each year

3 – The real estate salesman told me that house prices in this location have doubled over the last 15 years. What has been the investment return?

Divide 72 by 15 =  4.8%

4 – I’m earning 4% on my bank deposit, how long will it take for my investment to double in value?

In this example you divide 72 by the interest rate.  72/4 = 18 years

 Some details you need to know

As you can see, the math is quite simple to understand after a bit of practice. However, there are two important factors to note:

  1. The rate of return using the rule of 72 is the net return.  (After taxes and fees)
  2. The results are based on yearly compounding returns. This means the investment return is added to the initial investment each year.

As you practice, you will be able to do most calculations in you head and if that’s a bit hard, the calculator on your phone.

We probably shouldn’t say this, but we will – The Rule of 72 makes you look very smart when discussing investments at dinner parties or over a barbecue!

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